The QuadNet Array supports D-STAR and DMR!


Using Quadnet

Please use our round robin name for your server, rr.openquad.net

Username is your call sign, and password is left blank. For example, in the IRCDDBGateway initialization file:

ircddbHostname=rr.openquad.net
ircddbUsername=your-call
ircddbPassword=
ircddbUsername=2e0zzz

Routing on ircDDB

Routing is the main point of any ircDDB network and it is a great asset to your gateway communications. There are three ways to route:

  1. Call Sign Routing is a one to one route. Call Sign Routing is much maligned in many circles because it can be disruptive if the source and/or destination of a Call Sign Route happens to be on a busy repeater. It is best used when you are operating from a personal hot spot and you know your desired contact is currently on their own personal hot spot.
  2. Zone Routing (also called Repeater Routing) is when you route to a specific repeater and talk to those on that repeater. In the result, Zone Routing is just like linking directly to a repeater, but it has lower system overhead, and if you set up your radio with a Zone Route, it's faster than linking.
  3. Group Routing is where you route into a group of other users. There are two kinds of Routing Groups available on the QuadNet network, Smart Groups and STARnet Groups. They both behave like a channel on a reflector, but you route to it instead of linking to it. If you've never used routing before, this is probably where you should start.

    You can Route into the QuadNet array using one of four different Smart Groups, DSTAR1, DSTAR2, DSTAR3 or DSTAR4, located in New York, California, Ohio and Alabama, respectively. To use any Routing Group, you must have your gateway logged into the QuadNet IRC Open Network, using rr.openquad.net. Next you need to place Routing Group callsign in your UR field in your d-star radio. Try connecting to one of the DSTAR Smart Groups. Key up your radio once and watch the display on your radio for the login confirmation. If you can't watch for the login text listen for a confirmation beep. Once logged in you can now talk on the QuadNet Array. To log off of the Array, add a T in the 8th character of the UR field of your radio and key up. For example if you are subscribed to DSTAR4, then DSTAR4 T will get you unsubscribed. Just like when you logged in, you will see a "logged off" message as well as hear a confirming beep to let you know that you are unsubscribed.

    See the Routing Groups page for a lists of who's currently subscribed and what groups are available and the callsigns to use for subscribing and unsubscribing.

Port Forwarding

If you have a reasonably modern Internet router on your home network, you may not have to do anything other than to enable uPnP (universal Plug-and-Play) if it is not already enabled. Our first advice is to try subscribing to QNET20 C. If you get the "logged on" message on you radio, you are good to go! If after a few unsuccessful tries at logging in, see if uPnP is enabled on you home network. If you don't see a way to enable uPnP on you home network, you'll have to set up explicit port forwarding rules on you home network. In that case, keep reading.

To be able to link to XRF and DCS reflectors and to be able to do routing, ports that are usually blocked by your local area net gateway/firewall have to be opened to the computer where your ircDDB client is running. You'll need to access your home gateway, usually by browsing to 192.168.1.1 or 10.0.0.1, or some similar address. You will need to login with a name (usually "admin") and a password (obtained from you Internet service provider). The "port forwarding" section can usually be found in the advanced page. Once in, you can set up rules to forward the necessary ports to the computer running your ircDDB client. Note that the DPlus UDP port 20001 probably doesn't need a forwarding rule, but it certainly doesn't hurt to have it defined.

Accessing the QuadNet Array via DMR

To access the QuadNet Array via DMR, you have a couple of options. The simplest option is to activate Talkgroup 31012 if you are connected to BrandMeister’s servers. If you are not, and you have access to DMRGateway, you can simply enable the XLX configuration and point it to XLX307. The XLXHosts file that comes with DMRGateway defaults to Module D, which is the module the transcoder is active on, so no further configuration should be necessary.

Accessing through DMRGateway

Typical configuration of DMRGateway will have you using TG6 to transmit over the XLX link. This can be changed manually in your DMRGateway configuration if you wish. In the future, QuadNet will likely add other modules for transcoding as well, but currently only module D is being used. A sample configuration section for the XLX master is listed below:

[XLX Network]
Enabled=1
File=/opt/DMRGateway/XLXHosts.txt
Port=62030
Password=passw0rd
ReloadTime=60
Slot=2
TG=6
Base=64000
Startup=307
Relink=0
Debug=0
Id=[insert CCS7 ID here]

Please be aware that this sample configuration makes the assumption that your DMRGateway installation is in /opt/DMRGateway.

Accessing through Pi-Star

Pi-Star users simply need to select the XLX307 master from the list of XLX masters. In Pi-Star, navigate to the configuration tab and select DMRGateway as your DMR Master, and select XLX307 from the drop down list of XLX Masters. Once the configuration is applied, your system should automatically link to XLX307 Module D. Any transmission made to TG6 will automatically be routed through the XLX Server to the transcoder link. You may prefer to use TG31012 on BrandMeister to access the system for ease of use, but the DMRGateway/XLX combination allows users who are not using BrandMeister as their master server to access the link as well.

If you have any issues or need any assistance, feel free to contact us and one of the administrators will be happy to assist you in any way we can.

Specific Software/Hardware Instructions

Here are some guides to get popular hardware/software combinations setup.