Our Mission Statement
We are an open ircDDB routing network that doesn't require registration. We contend that valid Amateur Radio license is enough to operate on the QuadNet2 USA IRC Network. We do not require a special club or repeater call sign for use on the network. As long as the call sign is valid and being legally used, we fully support your use of dongles, hotspots and repeaters (both homebrew and ICOM) on the QuadNet network. The purpose of QuadNet is to support ROUTING. Routing is an alternate method of connecting to other D-Star users. Routing does NOT require your gateway to know the IP addresses of reflectors or repeaters to which you want to connect. You uses special Routing callsigns in the UR field (YOURCALL) of your radio (instead of the usual "CQCQCQ") and QuadNet figures out how to get your signal to the proper destination.
For a long time, it has been understood that you can't route when you are using a mobile rig (like a hot-spot that uses a cellphone for its Internet connection) because routing uses port 40000. Well, here at QuadNet, we have solved that. You can Group Route to any Smart Group, whether you are operating from your home, or you are operating a mobile rig!
The following nets are held on the QuadNet Array. The QuadNet Array consists of the following linked reflectors and Smart Groups:
QuadNet Smart Groups
- DSTAR1 located in New York
- DSTAR2 located in San Francisco
- DSTAR3 located in Ohio
The D-STAR Users net run by Jeff VE6DV happens every Saturday at 6:00 PM US mountain time. If you can't make it to the net live, you can catch a recording of the previous weeks net at Soundcloud. If you are a Facebook user, check out the D-STAR Users group and join in on the discussion there.
Some Important Preliminaries
Be sure to look at the ROUTING FAQ for a more detailed description of Routing. Make sure you get to the bottom line: If you don't want to do routing, you don't need QuadNet.
Please only connect one system to QuadNet at a time. Also refrain from running multiple systems from the same IP address. Think of the QuadNet network as a telephone directory that has a unique IP address for everyone (and everything) that is logged in. If two different logins point to the same IP address your end will probably have trouble getting the addressed data to the correct node. Also, if a user has multiple logins from different IP addresses, the QuadNet server won't necessarily route your data to the proper IP address.
Finally, it has been reported that some gateway software can inadvertently send incoming routed data to linked systems and this can be a real problem. In the routing world of QuadNet, if you need to link to a reflector, you should instead route to a group that is linked to the desired reflector. For example QNET20 C is always linked to XRF757 C. It is always a great idea to unlink from all reflectors and repeaters when you are using routing!Using Quadnet
Please use our round robin name for your server, rr.openquad.net
Username is your call sign, and password is left blank. For example, in the IRCDDBGateway initialization file:
If your callsign starts with a number put the letter r in front so it would look like this for the call 2e0zzz
Routing on ircDDB
Routing is the main point of any ircDDB network and it is a great asset to your gateway communications. There are three ways to route:
- Call Sign Routing is a one to one route. Call Sign Routing is much maligned in many circles because it can be disruptive if the source and/or destination of a Call Sign Route happens to be on a busy repeater. It is best used when you are operating from a personal hot spot and you know your desired contact is currently on their own personal hot spot.
- Zone Routing (also called Repeater Routing) is when you route to a specific repeater and talk to those on that repeater. In the result, Zone Routing is just like linking directly to a repeater, but it has lower system overhead, and if you set up your radio with a Zone Route, it's faster than linking.
- Group Routing is where you route into a group of other users, called a STARnet Digital Group, or STARnet Group. A STARnet Group is like a reflector, but you route to it instead of linking to it. If you have never used routing before, this is probably where you should start. The main STARnet Group for QuadNet is called QNET20 C. To use it, you must have your gateway logged into the QuadNet IRC Open Network, using rr.openquad.net. Next you need to place "QNET20 C" in your UR field in your d-star radio. Key up your radio once and watch the display on your radio for the login confirmation. If you can't watch for the login text listen for the transmission end beep. Once logged in you can now talk to the QNET20 C group. To log off of the group replace "QNET20 C" with "QNET20 Z", the "Z" is use for LOG OFF. Some of the active STARnet groups available groups on QuadNet are listed on the STARNET GROUPS page.
If you have a reasonably modern Internet router on your home network, you may not have to do anything other than to enable uPnP (universal Plug-and-Play) if it is not already enabled. Our first advice is to try subscribing to QNET20 C. If you get the "logged on" message on you radio, you are good to go! If after a few unsuccessful tries at logging in, see if uPnP is enabled on you home network. If you don't see a way to enable uPnP on you home network, you'll have to set up explicit port forwarding rules on you home network. In that case, keep reading.
To be able to link to XRF and DCS reflectors and to be able to do routing, ports that are usually blocked by your local area net gateway/firewall have to be opened to the computer where your ircDDB client is running. You'll need to access your home gateway, usually by browsing to 192.168.1.1 or 10.0.0.1, or some similar address. You will need to login with a name (usually "admin") and a password (obtained from you Internet service provider). The "port forwarding" section can usually be found in the advanced page. Once in, you can set up rules to forward the necessary ports to the computer running your ircDDB client. Note that the DPlus UDP port 20001 probably doesn't need a forwarding rule, but it certainly doesn't hurt to have it defined.
Homebrew D-STAR Repeaters
- ICOM D-STAR Repeater stacks
- DV Dongle
- ThumbDV™ and PiDV™
- DVAP Dongle
- DVRPTR V1 (no longer in production), V2 and V3
- ZUM Spot RPi UHF HotSpot Board
New capabilities are coming out on almost a daily basis.
Software compatible with Quadnet
There are far too many packages to list here. Google or Bing can be your friend in finding new packages coming out all the time. If you are new to this, we can recommend PiStar. PiStar supports a variety of small, single board computers, including the popular Raspberry Pi as well as most of the devices listed above. With a Web interface, PiStar is easy to configure and run. There are also links to YouTube videos on the PiStar Website showing how to set up and use PiStar. PiStar with a DVMega is an extremely popular combination and give you a true multimode repeater/hot spot. Routing on D-STAR is fully supported for both the DStarRepeater and the MMDVMHost!
Of course you can build your own system from the ground up. If you are interested in a multimode repeater/hot spot, a great place to start is Jonathan Naylor's MMDVM Git repository. This repository is in very active development and only experienced builders will be able to complete all the requirements necessary to build a system from scratch. A DStar-only repeater or hot spot can be built from Jonathan's older, but still popular DStarRepeater+IRCDDBGateway software and is available on Hans DL5DI's OpenDV repository. Again this takes some skill and tinkering to complete.
Our own N7TAE has a new system called QnetGateway that supports MMDVM and that can be easily built on a Raspberry Pi. see the N7TAE QnetGateway repository. If you have never built up a system from scratch before, this is a fun place to start, and, of course, QnetGateway fully supports routing! To gain inside information about QnetGateway, join the QnetGateway at groups.io.
The QuadNet Group also offer help with your setup or help with troubleshooting when problems occur. If you like, you can talk to us directly in the irc channel for support.
A chat channel on our IRC Server is also available:
rr.openquadnet port 9007
Join the #support channel to talk to an admin. For a nickname, use "u-" followed by your callsign. We prefer the HexChat open source IRC client which can be downloaded here: http://hexchat.github.io/downloads.html . Most Linux distributions have a pre-build HexChat package.
Website Admin and QuadNet support: firstname.lastname@example.org
73 and have fun with D-STAR!